The ground pin current in an LDO regulator is approximately equal to the load current divided by the gain of the single PNP transistor. Consequently, the ground pin current of an LDO is the highest of the three types.
The function of current limiting circuitry is to prevent damage to the IC when an overload is placed on the output of the regulator (the load impedance is too low). Without current limiting, the regulator would source excessive load current and destroy the pass transistor inside the part.
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