By Sasha Sara. Circuit. Publised at Monday, November 27th 2017, 07:42:24 AM. The circuits and components of a double-layer PCB board are usually connected in one of two ways: either utilizing a through-hole or with the use of a surface-mount. A through-hole connection means that small wires, known as leads, are fed through the holes, with each end of the leads then soldered to the right component.
By Valentine Sybille. Power. Publised at Sunday, November 26th 2017, 07:35:26 AM. It is possible for RO to be negative – an undesirable characteristic often caused by poor layout design in the regulator wiring resulting in inadvertent positive feedback. With negative output resistance the output voltage increases with the load current.
By Alix Loane. Power. Publised at Wednesday, November 29th 2017, 09:01:12 AM. The operation of the control loop in a typical linear regulator will be detailed using the simplified schematic diagram in Figure 2 (the function of the control loop is similar in all of the linear regulator types).
By Jessica Mireille. Motor. Published at Thursday, January 18th 2018, 22:32:39 PM. In the previous section it was shown that motor torque varies inversely with speed. This then is the motor’s natural speed-torque curve. Below a certain speed, called the corner speed, current would rise above the motor’s rated current, ultimately to destructive levels as the motor’s speed is reduced further.
By Bertille Solange. Circuit. Published at Monday, January 15th 2018, 19:06:47 PM. Electric circuits use electric power to perform some function, like energize a heating or lighting element, turn a motor, or create an electromagnetic filed. Electronic circuits differ from electric circuits in that they use devices that can themselves be controlled by other electric signals. Restated, electronic circuits are built from devices that use electricity to control electricity. Most electronic circuits use signals that are within 5 to 10 volts of ground; most circuits built within the past several years use signals that are within 3 to 5 volts from ground. Some electronic circuits represent information encoded as continuous voltage levels that can wander between the high and low voltage supply rails – these are called analog circuits. As an example, a sound pressure level transducer (i.e. a microphone) might drive a signal between 0V and 3.3V in direct proportion to the detected sound pressure level. In this case, the voltage signal output from the microphone is said to be an analog ifthe sound pressure wave itself. Other circuits use only two distinct voltage levels to represent information. Most often, these two voltage levels use the same voltages supplied by the power rails. In these circuits, called digital circuits, all information must be represented as binary numbers, with a signal at 0V (or ground) representing one kind of information, and a signal at 3.3V (or whatever the upper voltage supply rail provides) representing the other kind of information. In this series of modules, we will confine our discussions to digital circuits.
By Bertille Solange. Motor. Published at Monday, January 15th 2018, 17:21:59 PM. A step motor is highly resonant because it is a mass-spring system. The “mass” portion is the rotor and load inertia while the “spring” portion is the restoring torque of the magnetic field that drags the rotor along. Because of this, velocity lags torque by 90 degrees.
By Alix Loane. Motor. Published at Sunday, January 14th 2018, 19:23:49 PM. Eddy current and hysteresis heating are collectively called iron losses. The former induces currents in the iron of the motor while the latter is caused by the re-alignment of the magnetic domains in the iron. You can think of this as “friction heating” as the magnetic dipoles in the iron switch back and forth. Either way, both cause the bulk heating of the motor. Iron losses are a function of AC current and therefore the power supply voltage.
By Valentine Sybille. Motor. Published at Saturday, January 13th 2018, 16:12:10 PM. A real step motor has losses that modify the ideal speed-torque curve. The most important effect is the contribution of detent torque. Detent torque is usually specified in the motor datasheet. It is always a loss when the motor is turning and the power consumed to overcome it is proportional to speed. In other words, the faster the motor turns the greater the detent torque contributes power loss at the motor’s output shaft. This power loss is proportional to speed and must be subtracted from the ideal, flat output power curve past the corner speed. This now constitutes a practical speed-torque curve.
By Madeleine Catherine. Diagram. Published at Saturday, January 13th 2018, 10:10:30 AM. When working with circuits, you will often find something called a schematic diagram. These diagrams use symbols to illustrate what electronic components are used and where they’re placed in the circuit. These symbols are graphic representations of the actual electronic components.
By Cyrielle Marjolaine. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, January 13th 2018, 05:56:26 AM. As you know, a diesel engine differs from other liquid fuel engines in one major respect: the fuel/air charge is ignited by cylinder pressure and resulting heat, instead of via an electrical ignition system (diesel-fueled engines don’t use spark plugs).
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