Apart from the main charging, starting and ignition circuits, there are other circuits that power lights, electric motors, the sensors and gauges of electrical instruments, heating elements, magnetically operated locks, the radio and so on. All Circuits are opened and closed either by switches or by relays - remote switches operated by electromagnets.
This type of circuit is called an earth-return system any part of it connected to the car body is said to be earthed. If the battery voltage drops, less current flows, and eventually there is not enough to make the components work.
Altrushare - Wiring Diagram Gallery
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