Load regulation refers to the ability of a voltage regulator to maintain a constant voltage as the load current varies and is expressed as a percentage. Ideally, the load regulation would be zero percent meaning that the output voltage is perfectly independent of the load current. The equation for load regulation is as follows.
The output resistance (also known as source resistance) of a voltage regulator is a close cousin of its load regulation. Figure 1 illustrates how the output voltage of a regulator typically changes as a function of load current. Initially, the slope is quite linear but once the load current becomes higher than the design then the voltage will often drop rapidly with an increase in current. We measure the output resistance only on the linear portion of the plot in the normal operating region. It is meaningless to use a point in the overload area as that will result in an artificially high output resistance.
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