By Charlotte Myriam. Diagram. Publised at Monday, November 20th 2017, 05:12:37 AM. Circuit components are manufactured with exposed metal pins (or leads) that are used to fasten them to the PCB both mechanically (so they will not fall off) and electrically (so current can pass between them). The soldering process, which provides a strong mechanical bond and a very good electrical connection, is used to fasten components to the PCB. During soldering, component leads are inserted through the holes in the PCB, and then the component leads and the through-hole plating metal are heated to above the melting point of the solder (about 500 to 700 degrees F). Solder (a metallic compound) is then melted and allowed to flow in and around the component lead and pad. The solder quickly cools to form a strong bond between the component and the PCB. The process of associating components with reference designators, loading them into their respective holes, and then soldering them in place comprises the PCB assembly process.
By Cyrielle Marjolaine. Amplifier. Published at Sunday, January 07th 2018, 15:24:23 PM. Unlike the Class A amplifier mode of operation above that uses a single transistor for its output power stage, the Class B Amplifier uses two complimentary transistors (either an NPN and a PNP or a NMOS and a PMOS) for each half of the output waveform. One transistor conducts for one-half of the signal waveform while the other conducts for the other or opposite half of the signal waveform. This means that each transistor spends half of its time in the active region and half its time in the cut-off region thereby amplifying only 50% of the input signal.
By Jessica Mireille. Car Wiring. Published at Sunday, January 07th 2018, 14:25:22 PM. This is called a negative earth system, and when buying an electrical accessory a radio, for example check that it is of a type suitable for your cars system. Fitting a radio with the incorrect polarity will damage the set, but most car radios have an external switch for setting the polarity to suit that of the car. Switch to the correct setting before fitting.
By Alix Loane. Car Wiring. Published at Sunday, January 07th 2018, 06:59:10 AM. Now that you have a good idea of how you want to wire your car, the routes, the connections, and the switches and gauges, think about duplicating the wiring just in case you need it.
By Cyrielle Marjolaine. Diagram. Published at Sunday, January 07th 2018, 06:44:35 AM. The unloaded PCB appears green because thin sheets of green plastic have been applied to both sides (otherwise the PCB would appear pale yellow). Called solder masks, these sheets cover all exposed metal other than the component pads and holes so that errant solder can not inadvertently short (or electrically connect) the printed wires. All metal surfaces other than the exposed pads and holes (i.e., the wires) are underneath the solder mask. Not infrequently, blue or even red solder masks are used.
By Cyrielle Marjolaine. Motor. Published at Sunday, January 07th 2018, 04:48:21 AM. To avoid confusion obtain a pocket motor wiring guide and refer to it while performing the work. We mentioned a catch, earlier. With these and other motor wiring variations possible, it’s easy to make a mistake. That drawing we said to follow could be wrong. Before you connect any wires, check the drawing carefully. That’s another reason to have that pocket motor wiring guide.
By Alix Loane. Diagram. Published at Sunday, January 07th 2018, 03:33:49 AM. Electronic components are often assembled and interconnected on a flat surface known as a circuit board. The several types of existing circuit boards may be divided into two broad categories: those intended for prototype or experimental circuits; and those intended for production and/or commercial sale. Circuit boards used for experimental work are often referred to as breadboards or protoboards. Breadboards allow engineers to construct circuits quickly, so that they can be studied and modified until an optimal design is discovered. In a typical breadboard use, components and wires are added to a circuit in an ad hoc manner as the design proceeds, with new data and new understanding dictating the course of the design. Since breadboard circuits exist only in the laboratory, no special consideration need be given to creating reliable or simple-to-manufacture circuits – the designer can focus exclusively on the circuits behavior. In contrast, circuit boards intended for production or commercial sale must have highly reliable wires and interconnects, permanent bonds to all components, and topographies amenable to mass production and thorough testing. And further, they must be made of a material that is reliable, low-cost, and easy to manufacture. A fiberglass substratewith copper wires (etched from laminated copper sheets) has been the PCB material of choice for the past several decades. The Digilent board is a simple example of such a board. Note that most often, production circuit board designs are finalized only after extensive breadboard phases. Components are permanently affixed to production boards using the soldering process.
By Alix Loane. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, January 06th 2018, 22:49:51 PM. If the wrong-sized wire is used, or if a wire becomes broken or disconnected, this can cause an accidental short circuit which bypasses the resistance of the component. The current in the wire may become dangerously high and melt the wire or cause a fire.
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