By Valentine Sybille. Car Wiring. Publised at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 12:56:44 PM. When fitting extra accessories, such as a rear window heater which consumes a heavy current, always wire it through the ignition switch. Some ancillary components can be operated without the ignition turned on by turning the switch to the "auxiliary" position. A radio is usually wired through this switch, so that it can be played with the engine off.
By Lydie Honorine. Car Wiring. Publised at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 07:30:01 AM. Where wires run side-by-side they are bound together in a bundle, in a plastic or fabric sheath, to keep them tidy and less difficult to fit. This bundle of wires stretches over the length of the car, with single wires or small groups of wires emerging where necessary, and is called the wiring loom.
By Alix Loane. Diagram. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 20:00:37 PM. A digital circuit requires a power supply to provide a constant and stable source of electric power to all devices. As discussed above, electric power is derived from the basic electrical forces that charged particles (e.g., protons and electrons) exert on one another – namely, electrons are repelled by other electrons, and attracted to more electrically positive areas where there are relatively fewer electrons. The vast majority of charged particles are found in ordinary matter bound in electrically neutral atomic structures (that is, most particles are found in structures that have an equal number of positive and negative particles). Some electrically neutral conducting materials (like metals) contain electrons that are not so tightly bound to their host atoms. If a voltage source is applied to these materials, the lightly bound electrons will move away from the concentrated source of electrons on the negative side of the supply towards the electrically positive side of the supply. A “power supply” in a digital circuit provides a local, contained imbalance of electrons that provides a voltage source that can do useful work, such as transmitting information through a conductor from one device to another. A digital circuit allows a controlled flow of electrons from of the negative to positive side of the power supply, but only via the paths designed into the circuit. As electrons flow to and from the devices in a given circuit, they can change device properties in useful ways.
By Bertille Solange. Diagram. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 17:52:52 PM. In a PCB that uses through-hole technology, holes are drilled through the pads so that component leads can be inserted and then fastened (soldered) in place. In a PCB that uses surface-mount technology, component leads are soldered directly to the pads on the surface. Each set of pads (or holes) in the PCB is intended to receive a particular component. To identify which component must be loaded where, reference designators are printed on the circuit board immediately adjacent to the pads using a silk-screen process. A parts list links a designated set of pads to a physical component by describing the component and assigning it a particular reference designator. The reference designators guide assemblers and testers when they are working with the PCB. Many components must be placed into the PCB in a particular orientation. By convention, components that require a particular orientation have one lead designated as pin 1. On the PCB, a square pad or silkscreen indicator typically denotes pin 1.
By Cyrielle Marjolaine. Circuit. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 17:29:18 PM. Resistors, capacitors, and inductors are the fundamental components of electronic circuits. In fact, all electronic circuits can be equivalently represented by circuits of these three components together with voltage and current sources.
By Valentine Sybille. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 13:36:45 PM. If the wrong-sized wire is used, or if a wire becomes broken or disconnected, this can cause an accidental short circuit which bypasses the resistance of the component. The current in the wire may become dangerously high and melt the wire or cause a fire.
By Valentine Sybille. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 12:56:44 PM. This type of circuit is called an earth-return system any part of it connected to the car body is said to be earthed. If the battery voltage drops, less current flows, and eventually there is not enough to make the components work.
By Cyrielle Marjolaine. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 12:48:04 PM. Apart from the main charging, starting and ignition circuits, there are other circuits that power lights, electric motors, the sensors and gauges of electrical instruments, heating elements, magnetically operated locks, the radio and so on. All Circuits are opened and closed either by switches or by relays - remote switches operated by electromagnets.
By Charlotte Myriam. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 08:57:08 AM. You have a lot of time in the off-season and for your team, designate a qualified person to be in charge of the wiring and the process of rewiring the car as well as being the pointman for mid-season troubleshooting of electrical problems. Don’t assume everything will be OK for next season with what you have, take the effort to make sure. It’s so much fun when things don’t go wrong.
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