By Cyrielle Marjolaine. Diagram. Publised at Tuesday, December 19th 2017, 00:21:22 AM. A digital circuit is constructed of a power supply, devices, and conduction nets. Some nets provide circuit inputs from the “outside world”; in a schematic, these input nets are generally shown entering the left side of component and/or the overall circuit. Other nets present circuit outputs to the outside world; these nets are generally shown exiting the schematic on the right. In the sample schematic below, circuit components are shown as arbitrary shapes, nets are shown as lines, and inputs and outputs are denoted by connector symbols.
By Cyrielle Marjolaine. Amplifier. Published at Sunday, January 07th 2018, 15:24:23 PM. Generally, amplifiers can be sub-divided into two distinct types depending upon their power or voltage gain. One type is called the Small Signal Amplifier which include pre-amplifiers, instrumentation amplifiers etc. Small signal amplifies are designed to amplify very small signal voltage levels of only a few micro-volts (μV) from sensors or audio signals.
By Jessica Mireille. Car Wiring. Published at Sunday, January 07th 2018, 14:25:22 PM. Wire and cable sizes are classified by the maximum amperage that they can carry safely. A complex network of wires runs through the car. To avoid confusion, each wire is colour coded (but only within the car: there is no national or international system of colour-coding).
By Alix Loane. Car Wiring. Published at Sunday, January 07th 2018, 06:59:10 AM. When you begin the rewiring of your car, choose good material, as in new wire and quality terminals. Use a gauge of wire sufficient to carry the amperage load for the work it will be doing. Always use closed-end terminals, not the U type.
By Cyrielle Marjolaine. Diagram. Published at Sunday, January 07th 2018, 06:44:35 AM. In contrast to digital circuits, analog circuits use signals whose voltage levels are not constrained to two distinct levels, but instead can assume any value between Vdd and GND. Many input devices, particularly those using electronic sensors (e.g., microphones, cameras, thermometers, pressure sensors, motion and proximity detectors, etc.) produce analog voltages at their outputs. In modern electronic devices, it is likely that such signals will be converted to digital signals before they are used within the device. For example, a digital voice-memo recording device uses an analog microphone circuit to convert sound pressure waves into voltage waves on an internal circuit node. A special circuit called an analog-to-digital converter, or ADC, converts that analog voltage to a binary number that can be represented as a bus in a digital circuit. An ADC functions by taking samples of the input analog signal, measuring the magnitude of the input voltage signal (usually with reference to GND), and assigning a binary number to the measured magnitude. Once an analog signal has been converted to a binary number, a bus can carry that digital information around a circuit. In a similar manner, digital signals can be reconstituted into analog signals using a digital-to-analog converter. Thus, a binary number that represents a sample of an audio waveform can be converted to an analog signal that can, for example, drive a speaker.
By Cyrielle Marjolaine. Motor. Published at Sunday, January 07th 2018, 04:48:21 AM. The result will be in microfarads for the capacitor if the value for “I” is amperes of current needed and “V” is the output voltage of the supply. When picking the capacitor, any value equal to or greater than the calculated value can be used. Be sure to use a capacitor with a voltage rating at least 20% higher than the output voltage of the power supply.
By Alix Loane. Diagram. Published at Sunday, January 07th 2018, 03:33:49 AM. The unloaded PCB appears green because thin sheets of green plastic have been applied to both sides (otherwise the PCB would appear pale yellow). Called solder masks, these sheets cover all exposed metal other than the component pads and holes so that errant solder can not inadvertently short (or electrically connect) the printed wires. All metal surfaces other than the exposed pads and holes (i.e., the wires) are underneath the solder mask. Not infrequently, blue or even red solder masks are used.
By Alix Loane. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, January 06th 2018, 22:49:51 PM. You can fold the bare wire end double to fill the terminal hole. Then solder the terminal and wire. Use shrink wrap to encase the connections. This serves two purposes, one to insulate the terminal and the other is to add support to the end of the wire so that it will be less likely to bend and break.
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