By Cyrielle Marjolaine. Diagram. Publised at Sunday, November 19th 2017, 23:35:54 PM. There are two commonly used capacitor symbols. One symbol represents a polarized (usually electrolytic or tantalum) capacitor, and the other is for non-polarized caps. In each case there are two terminals, running perpendicularly into plates. The symbol with one curved plate indicates that the capacitor is polarized. The curved plate represents the cathode of the capacitor, which should be at a lower voltage than the positive, anode pin. A plus sign might also be added to the positive pin of the polarized capacitor symbol.
By Charlotte Myriam. Diagram. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 04:11:48 AM. In a digital circuit, power supply voltage levels are constrained to two distinct values – “logic high voltage” (called LHV or Vdd) and “logic low voltage” (called LLV or GND). The GND node in any circuit is the universal reference voltage against which all other voltages are measured (in modern digital circuits, GND is typically the lowest voltage in the circuit). In a schematic, it is often difficult to show lines connecting all GND nodes; rather, any nodes labeled GND are assumed to be connected into the same node. Often, a downward pointing triangle symbol, is attached to a GND node in addition to (or instead of) the GND label. The Vdd node in a digital circuit is typically the highest voltage, and all nodes labeled Vdd are tied together into the same node. Vdd may be thought of as the “source” of positive charges in a circuit, and GND may be thought of as the “source” of negative charges in a circuit. In modern digital systems, Vdd and GND are separated by anywhere from 1 to 5 volts. Older or inexpensive circuits typically use 5 volts, while newer circuits use 1-3 volts.
By Lydie Honorine. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 01:33:56 AM. This is called a negative earth system, and when buying an electrical accessory a radio, for example check that it is of a type suitable for your cars system. Fitting a radio with the incorrect polarity will damage the set, but most car radios have an external switch for setting the polarity to suit that of the car. Switch to the correct setting before fitting.
By Alix Loane. Motor. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 00:13:39 AM. The motor power output (speed times torque) is determined by the power supply voltage and the motor’s inductance. The motor’s output power is proportional to the power supply voltage divided by the square root of the motor inductance.
By Alix Loane. Motor. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 20:40:03 PM. The drive is a current source in the constant torque region and adds no additional phase lag. In the constant power region however, the drive is a voltage source so it introduces an additional 90 degree phase lag. The total phase lag now is 180 degrees, which is a setup for a sustained and building motor oscillation. This oscillation is commonly called mid-band instability or mid-band resonance.
By Madeleine Catherine. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 19:35:53 PM. If you have removed the body in preparation for installing a new one, you will now have easy access to all of the attachment points as well as the gauge panel and switches. At this point, you have a blank sheet of paper and can do anything that works best.
By Lydie Honorine. Motor. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 17:00:56 PM. A step motor is a constant output power transducer, where power is defined as torque multiplied by speed. This means motor torque is the inverse of motor speed. To help understand why a step motor’s power is independent of speed, we need to construct (figuratively) an ideal step motor.
By Alix Loane. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 16:59:56 PM. As for the gauges, new designs are coming out all the time. If you have a hard time seeing your gauges at night, then the new brightly lit types might be the thing to now install. According to Dick, it is important to use a high-quality tachometer. Accuracy of rpm is very important to choosing the right gear.
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