By Jessica Mireille. Diagram. Publised at Saturday, December 23rd 2017, 14:53:38 PM. Production circuit boards typically start out as thin sheets of fiberglass (about 1mm thick) that are completely covered on both sides with very thin sheets of metal (typically copper). A "standard" circuit board might use a 1 ounce copper process, which means that one ounce of copper is evenly spread across 1 square foot of circuit board. During the manufacturing process, wire patterns are "printed" onto the copper surfaces using a compound that resists etching (hence the name Printed Circuit Board or PCB). The boards are subjected to a chemical etching process that removes all exposed copper. The remaining, un-etched copperforms wires that will interconnect the circuit board components, and small pads that define the regions where component leads will be attached.
By Bertille Solange. Power. Publised at Friday, December 29th 2017, 04:58:06 AM. In shunt regulation a resistor is typically placed in series with the load and the unregulated voltage. The resistor is small enough so that the load could always receive somewhat more than the maximum current it would ever need. The shunt regulator is placed across the load and conducts excess current around the load such that the voltage across the load remains a constant as the load draws the actual current at any given time. A common shunt regulator is a Zener diode which is an example of an open loop system. Feedback control can also be used to drive the current through the control element (a transistor) across the load. Shunt regulators are generally only used for low power applications because they can be very inefficient. However, shunt regulators have an inherent fault current limiting feature and also can regulate even if the load is forcing current into the regulator rather than drawing current from it. Shunt regulators also have an interesting feature that the input current is constant – independent of load current (except if a load fault occurs – but that is a special case not in normal operation). Thus shunt regulators are very good at isolating a load with rapid and large current fluctuations.
By Valentine Sybille. Car Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 08:06:34 AM. Modern cars often need room for many wires in confined spaces. Some manufacturers now use printed circuits instead of bundles of wires, particularly at the rear of the instrument panel. Printed circuits are plastic sheets on which copper tracks have been "printed". Components are plugged directly into the tracks. A few modern cars have flexible printed circuits. The copper tracks are printed in ribbons of flexible plastic, which replace the whole wiring system.
By Madeleine Catherine. Car Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 04:52:06 AM. Modern cars often need room for many wires in confined spaces. Some manufacturers now use printed circuits instead of bundles of wires, particularly at the rear of the instrument panel. Printed circuits are plastic sheets on which copper tracks have been "printed". Components are plugged directly into the tracks. A few modern cars have flexible printed circuits. The copper tracks are printed in ribbons of flexible plastic, which replace the whole wiring system.
By Bertille Solange. Motor. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 02:57:57 AM. What can be seen is there is not increase of the power output; the motor simply reaches its maximum power at a lower speed, all at the great expense of a four-fold increase in motor heating.
By Alix Loane. Circuit. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 02:30:59 AM. An often used and sometimes confusing term in electronic circuits is the word ground. The ground is a circuit node to which all voltages in a circuit are referenced. In a constant voltage supply circuit, one terminal from each voltage supply is typically connected to ground, or is grounded. For example, the negative terminal of a positive power supply is usually connected to ground so that any current drawn out of the positive terminal can be put back into the negative terminal via ground.
By Madeleine Catherine. Car Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 00:43:47 AM. The best wiring plan is the one that makes access to the connections the easiest and following the wires from end to end possible. When an electrical problem arises at the races, there is little time to find the problem and fix it. Having easy access shortens the process.
By Sasha Sara. Car Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 00:39:16 AM. When you begin the rewiring of your car, choose good material, as in new wire and quality terminals. Use a gauge of wire sufficient to carry the amperage load for the work it will be doing. Always use closed-end terminals, not the U type.
By Lydie Honorine. Car Wiring. Published at Wednesday, December 27th 2017, 23:39:45 PM. The starter motor has its own heavy cable, direct from the battery. The ignition circuit furnishes the high-tension impulses to the sparkplugs; and the charging system includes the generator, which recharges the battery. All the other circuits are called ancillary (subsidiary) circuits.
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