By Charlotte Myriam. Circuit. Publised at Tuesday, July 04th 2017, 03:38:49 AM. A single-layer or single-sided PCB is one that is made out of a single layer of base material or substrate. One side of the base material is coated with a thin layer of metal. Copper is the most common coating due to how well it functions as an electrical conductor. Once the copper base plating is applied, a protective solder mask is usually applied, followed by the last silk-screen to mark out all of the elements on the board.
By Lydie Honorine. Diagram. Published at Tuesday, December 19th 2017, 12:45:48 PM. Production circuit boards typically start out as thin sheets of fiberglass (about 1mm thick) that are completely covered on both sides with very thin sheets of metal (typically copper). A "standard" circuit board might use a 1 ounce copper process, which means that one ounce of copper is evenly spread across 1 square foot of circuit board. During the manufacturing process, wire patterns are "printed" onto the copper surfaces using a compound that resists etching (hence the name Printed Circuit Board or PCB). The boards are subjected to a chemical etching process that removes all exposed copper. The remaining, un-etched copperforms wires that will interconnect the circuit board components, and small pads that define the regions where component leads will be attached.
By Cyrielle Marjolaine. Power. Published at Tuesday, December 19th 2017, 11:49:21 AM. The thermal limit circuit can sink all of the current from the error amplifier output, and keep the regulator output voltage/current as low as needed to maintain the junction temperature at 160°C. As shown, the thermal limiter can "override" the voltage control loop when needed to prevent damage to the IC.
By Bertille Solange. Diagram. Published at Tuesday, December 19th 2017, 02:14:46 AM. Several different resistors are used on Digilent boards. Some are used to limit LED current, and some are used on inputs (like the button and switch circuits) to both limit the currents flowing to the main chip, and to help protect against electrostatic discharge (or ESD – more on this topic later). The resistors on the Digilent boards, like most resistors used in digital systems, are physically small because they will not encounter large voltages or currents. For these smaller resistors, the resistor value in Ohms is printed in microscopic numbers on the resistor body, not visible to the naked eye.
By Jessica Mireille. Circuit. Published at Tuesday, December 19th 2017, 02:08:03 AM. An inductor is a device that stores energy in the form of current. The most common form of inductors is a wire wound into a coil. The magnetic field generated by the wire creates a counter-acting electric field which impedes changes to the current.
By Sasha Sara. Amplifier. Published at Tuesday, December 19th 2017, 02:01:05 AM. As their name suggests, the main job of a “Power Amplifier” (also known as a large signal amplifier), is to deliver power to the load, and as we know from above, is the product of the voltage and current applied to the load with the output signal power being greater than the input signal power. In other words, a power amplifier amplifies the power of the input signal which is why these types of amplifier circuits are used in audio amplifier output stages to drive loudspeakers.
By Madeleine Catherine. Diagram. Published at Tuesday, December 19th 2017, 01:28:27 AM. If there’s something on a schematic that just doesn’t make sense, try finding a datasheet for the most important component. Usually the component doing the most work on a circuit is an integrated circuit, like a microcontroller or sensor. These are usually the largest component, oft-located at the center of the schematic.
By Madeleine Catherine. Diode. Published at Tuesday, December 19th 2017, 01:03:57 AM. Actually, forward voltage drop is more complex. An equation describes the exact current through a diode, given the voltage dropped across the junction, the temperature of the junction, and several physical constants.
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