By Sasha Sara. Motor. Publised at Monday, December 18th 2017, 08:03:25 AM. At this point it is important to introduce the concept of overdrive ration. This is the ration between the power supply voltage and the motor’s rated voltage. An empirically derived maximum is 25:1, meaning the power supply voltage should never exceed 25 times the motor’s rated voltage or 32 times the square root of motor inductance. Below is a graph of measured iron losses for a 4A, 3V motor. Notice in Figure 16 how the iron losses range from insignificant to being the major cause of heating in the motor compared to a constant 12W copper loss (4A times 3V).
By Alix Loane. Circuit. Published at Tuesday, January 02nd 2018, 19:12:49 PM. In the hydrodynamic analogy of electronic circuits, resistors are equivalent to a pipe. As fluid flows through a pipe, frictional drag forces at the walls dissipate energy from the flow and thus reducing the pressure, or equivalently, the potential energy of the fluid in the pipe. A small resistor is equivalent to a large diameter pipe that will allow for a high flow rate, whereas a large resistor is equivalent to a small diameter pipe that greatly constricts the flow rate.
By Bertille Solange. Circuit. Published at Tuesday, January 02nd 2018, 17:59:04 PM. Surface mount PCBs do not utilize wires as connectors. Instead, many small leads are soldered directly to the board, meaning that the board itself is used as a wiring surface for the different components. This allows circuits to be completed using less space, freeing up space to allow the board to complete more functions, usually at higher speeds and a lighter weight than a through-hole board would allow.
By Lydie Honorine. Car Wiring. Published at Tuesday, January 02nd 2018, 17:21:20 PM. Apart from the main charging, starting and ignition circuits, there are other circuits that power lights, electric motors, the sensors and gauges of electrical instruments, heating elements, magnetically operated locks, the radio and so on. All Circuits are opened and closed either by switches or by relays - remote switches operated by electromagnets.
By Jessica Mireille. Circuit. Published at Tuesday, January 02nd 2018, 16:17:07 PM. The concept of complex impedance introduces a unified representation for resistors, capacitors, and inductors, whereby a circuit’s frequency response from input to output can be determined using KVL and KCL, where each element is assigned the appropriate impedance. The key assumption to this point is that the input to the circuit must consist solely of DC and/or sinusoidal signals. Now, this analysis is be extended to include arbitrary input signals by using the mathematical techniques of Laplace transforms.
By Bertille Solange. Motor. Published at Tuesday, January 02nd 2018, 15:16:45 PM. If more than one drive is being operated from the power supply this is not a problem since the other drive(s) will absorb this current for its needs, unless it is decelerating as well. For this case or for a single drive it may be necessary to place a voltage clamp across the power supply in the form of a Zener diode. The voltage of this diode must be greater than the maximum expected power supply voltage, yet low enough to protect the drive. A good choice would be either 82 volts or 91 volts as standard values.
By Charlotte Myriam. Diagram. Published at Tuesday, January 02nd 2018, 13:24:33 PM. A PCB Layout is the resulting design from taking a schematic with specific components and determining how they will physically be laid out on a printed circuit board. To produce a PCB Layout, you must know the connections of components, component sizes (footprints), and a myriad of other properties (such as current, frequencies, emissions, reflections, high voltage gaps, safety considerations, manufacturing tolerances, etc.).
By Lydie Honorine. Circuit. Published at Tuesday, January 02nd 2018, 11:40:21 AM. An often used and sometimes confusing term in electronic circuits is the word ground. The ground is a circuit node to which all voltages in a circuit are referenced. In a constant voltage supply circuit, one terminal from each voltage supply is typically connected to ground, or is grounded. For example, the negative terminal of a positive power supply is usually connected to ground so that any current drawn out of the positive terminal can be put back into the negative terminal via ground.
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