By Sasha Sara. Motor. Publised at Monday, December 18th 2017, 08:03:25 AM. To make your own power supply you must have three key components: a transformer, bridge rectifier, and filter capacitor. The transformer’s current rating must be sufficient to adequately run all motors that will be run from it using the above current formula. The DC output voltage will be 1.4 times the transformer’s AC voltage rating of the secondary. For example, a 24VAC transformer secondary will provide about 34VDC at the output of the supply. The bridge rectifier’s voltage and current ratings must exceed what the supply will deliver. Finally the minimum filter capacitor size must be calculated.
By Charlotte Myriam. Circuit. Published at Monday, December 18th 2017, 16:04:32 PM. The concept of complex impedance introduces a unified representation for resistors, capacitors, and inductors, whereby a circuit’s frequency response from input to output can be determined using KVL and KCL, where each element is assigned the appropriate impedance. The key assumption to this point is that the input to the circuit must consist solely of DC and/or sinusoidal signals. Now, this analysis is be extended to include arbitrary input signals by using the mathematical techniques of Laplace transforms.
By Madeleine Catherine. Diagram. Published at Monday, December 18th 2017, 16:02:01 PM. Inductors are usually represented by either a series of curved bumps, or loopy coils. International symbols may just define an inductor as a filled-in rectangle.
By Valentine Sybille. Diagram. Published at Monday, December 18th 2017, 15:33:56 PM. In a PCB that uses through-hole technology, holes are drilled through the pads so that component leads can be inserted and then fastened (soldered) in place. In a PCB that uses surface-mount technology, component leads are soldered directly to the pads on the surface. Each set of pads (or holes) in the PCB is intended to receive a particular component. To identify which component must be loaded where, reference designators are printed on the circuit board immediately adjacent to the pads using a silk-screen process. A parts list links a designated set of pads to a physical component by describing the component and assigning it a particular reference designator. The reference designators guide assemblers and testers when they are working with the PCB. Many components must be placed into the PCB in a particular orientation. By convention, components that require a particular orientation have one lead designated as pin 1. On the PCB, a square pad or silkscreen indicator typically denotes pin 1.
By Jessica Mireille. Diode. Published at Monday, December 18th 2017, 15:23:06 PM. If you are handling real diodes to build a circuit, you have to figure out which way to point the diode. Real-world diodes are so small there isn’t room to paint a little diode symbol on them, so you need to identify the terminals some other way.
By Bertille Solange. Diagram. Published at Monday, December 18th 2017, 15:14:40 PM. Circuits often require output devices to communicate their state to an user. Examples of electronic output devices include computer monitors, LCD alphanumeric panels (as on a calculator), small lamps or light-emitting diodes (LED), etc. Digilent boards include different output devices, but all of them include some number of individual LED, and seven-segment LED displays that can display the digits 0-9 in each digit position (each segment in the seven-segment display contains a single LED). LED are two-terminal semiconductor devices that conduct current in only one direction (from the anode to the cathode). The small LED chips are secured inside a plastic housing, and they emit light at a givenfrequency (RED, YELLOW, etc.) when a small electric current (typically 10mA to 25mA) flows through them.
By Charlotte Myriam. Motor. Published at Monday, December 18th 2017, 14:50:43 PM. Electrically, a real motor differs from an ideal one primarily by having a non-zero winding resistance. Also, the iron in the motor is subject to magnetic saturation, as well as having eddy current and hysteresis losses. Magnetic saturation sets a limit on current to torque proportionally while eddy current and hysteresis (iron losses) along with winding resistance (copper losses) cause motor heating.
By Valentine Sybille. Power. Published at Monday, December 18th 2017, 14:14:34 PM. Linear IC regulators contain built-in protection circuits which make them virtually immune to damage from either excessive load current or high operating temperature.
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