By Bertille Solange. Diagram. Publised at Monday, December 18th 2017, 21:10:53 PM. In a digital circuit, power supply voltage levels are constrained to two distinct values – “logic high voltage” (called LHV or Vdd) and “logic low voltage” (called LLV or GND). The GND node in any circuit is the universal reference voltage against which all other voltages are measured (in modern digital circuits, GND is typically the lowest voltage in the circuit). In a schematic, it is often difficult to show lines connecting all GND nodes; rather, any nodes labeled GND are assumed to be connected into the same node. Often, a downward pointing triangle symbol, is attached to a GND node in addition to (or instead of) the GND label. The Vdd node in a digital circuit is typically the highest voltage, and all nodes labeled Vdd are tied together into the same node. Vdd may be thought of as the “source” of positive charges in a circuit, and GND may be thought of as the “source” of negative charges in a circuit. In modern digital systems, Vdd and GND are separated by anywhere from 1 to 5 volts. Older or inexpensive circuits typically use 5 volts, while newer circuits use 1-3 volts.
By Madeleine Catherine. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 07:00:27 AM. Plan the route of the wires. There are some wires that should not come in close proximity to other wires. The radio wires must be kept clear of the ignition wires to reduce interference.
By Lydie Honorine. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 06:24:32 AM. If your terminal is attached by a nut to a post, use lock washers and if it is a very important connection, and most are, use blue Loctite on the post. Many electrical failures are random and due to loose connections that are hard to trace. A quick look and the connection looks good, but if it is loose, it will cause an interruption of the current flow periodically.
By Valentine Sybille. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 05:35:08 AM. When you begin the rewiring of your car, choose good material, as in new wire and quality terminals. Use a gauge of wire sufficient to carry the amperage load for the work it will be doing. Always use closed-end terminals, not the U type.
By Alix Loane. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 05:33:05 AM. It just takes a little more time to duplicate your wiring into a spare wiring harness. Make two or three if you like, the parts are very inexpensive. Also keep spare switches on hand in your race trailer so that if one breaks or fails to function, you’ll be able to replace it quickly.
By Charlotte Myriam. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 05:02:19 AM. Electricity flows from a battery in one direction only, and some components work only if the flow through them is in the correct direction. This acceptance of a one-way flow is called polarity. On most cars the negative () battery terminal is earthed and the positive (+) one feeds the electrical system.
By Bertille Solange. Power. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 04:58:06 AM. The lower dropout voltage is the reason LDO regulators dominate battery-powered applications, since they maximize the utilization of the available input voltage and can operate with higher efficiency. The explosive growth of battery-powered consumer products in recent years has driven development in the LDO regulator product line.
By Alix Loane. Motor. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 16:31:25 PM. Eddy current and hysteresis heating are collectively called iron losses. The former induces currents in the iron of the motor while the latter is caused by the re-alignment of the magnetic domains in the iron. You can think of this as “friction heating” as the magnetic dipoles in the iron switch back and forth. Either way, both cause the bulk heating of the motor. Iron losses are a function of AC current and therefore the power supply voltage.
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