By Lydie Honorine. Diagram. Publised at Sunday, November 19th 2017, 20:50:47 PM. In a PCB that uses through-hole technology, holes are drilled through the pads so that component leads can be inserted and then fastened (soldered) in place. In a PCB that uses surface-mount technology, component leads are soldered directly to the pads on the surface. Each set of pads (or holes) in the PCB is intended to receive a particular component. To identify which component must be loaded where, reference designators are printed on the circuit board immediately adjacent to the pads using a silk-screen process. A parts list links a designated set of pads to a physical component by describing the component and assigning it a particular reference designator. The reference designators guide assemblers and testers when they are working with the PCB. Many components must be placed into the PCB in a particular orientation. By convention, components that require a particular orientation have one lead designated as pin 1. On the PCB, a square pad or silkscreen indicator typically denotes pin 1.
By Madeleine Catherine. Diagram. Publised at Sunday, November 19th 2017, 21:57:33 PM. In addition to reading this instructable it may be a good idea for you to read my other instructable "electronics components and what they do" to get a good understanding of what you are doing when building a project.
By Alix Loane. Motor. Published at Saturday, January 06th 2018, 07:22:36 AM. Anytime there are turns of wire surrounding a magnetic material such as the iron in the motor’s stator, it will have an electrical property called inductance. Inductance describes the energy stored in a magnetic field anytime current passes through this coil of wire.
By Charlotte Myriam. Motor. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 22:53:04 PM. The motor power output (speed times torque) is determined by the power supply voltage and the motor’s inductance. The motor’s output power is proportional to the power supply voltage divided by the square root of the motor inductance.
By Valentine Sybille. Diagram. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 22:02:27 PM. In a digital circuit, power supply voltage levels are constrained to two distinct values – “logic high voltage” (called LHV or Vdd) and “logic low voltage” (called LLV or GND). The GND node in any circuit is the universal reference voltage against which all other voltages are measured (in modern digital circuits, GND is typically the lowest voltage in the circuit). In a schematic, it is often difficult to show lines connecting all GND nodes; rather, any nodes labeled GND are assumed to be connected into the same node. Often, a downward pointing triangle symbol, is attached to a GND node in addition to (or instead of) the GND label. The Vdd node in a digital circuit is typically the highest voltage, and all nodes labeled Vdd are tied together into the same node. Vdd may be thought of as the “source” of positive charges in a circuit, and GND may be thought of as the “source” of negative charges in a circuit. In modern digital systems, Vdd and GND are separated by anywhere from 1 to 5 volts. Older or inexpensive circuits typically use 5 volts, while newer circuits use 1-3 volts.
By Sasha Sara. Motor. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 18:24:19 PM. If one changes the power supply voltage, then a new family of speed-torque curves result. As an example, if the power supply voltage is doubled then a new curve is generated; the curve now has twice the torque at any given speed in region 2. Since power equals torque times speed, the motor now generates twice as much power as well.
By Madeleine Catherine. Motor. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 16:16:10 PM. Motor output doubles when the power supply voltage is doubled for either series or parallel-wired motors. Notice that a parallel-connected motor delivers performance identical to a series-connected motor running at twice the power supply voltage.
By Bertille Solange. Circuit. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 13:36:25 PM. A simple low-pass filter circuit, which allows low frequency signals to pass through the circuit while attenuating high-frequency signals, can be made using a resistor and capacitor in series.The transfer function of this filter can be determined by analyzing the circuit as a voltage divider,
By Sasha Sara. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 11:54:09 AM. As for the gauges, new designs are coming out all the time. If you have a hard time seeing your gauges at night, then the new brightly lit types might be the thing to now install. According to Dick, it is important to use a high-quality tachometer. Accuracy of rpm is very important to choosing the right gear.
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