Load regulation refers to the ability of a voltage regulator to maintain a constant voltage as the load current varies and is expressed as a percentage. Ideally, the load regulation would be zero percent meaning that the output voltage is perfectly independent of the load current. The equation for load regulation is as follows.
There are two types of voltage regulators, shunt and series. The name comes from where the control element (typically a transistor) is placed. Except for the special case of a Zener diode shunt regulator which is open-loop, virtually all voltage regulators are closed-loop high-gain proportional control systems.
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